Accordo Di Gentlemen Agreement

A report by the U.S. House of Representatives detailing its United States Steel Corporation investigation stated that in the 1890s there were two general types of associations or bulk consolidations between steel and ferrous interests in which different groups owned ownership, as well as a high degree of independence: the “pool” and the “Gentleman`s Agreement.” [5] The latter type lacked a formal organisation to regulate production or prices or forfeiture rules in the event of infringement. [5] The effectiveness of the agreement relied on members to meet informal commitments. [5] Gentlemen`s agreements have come to regulate international activities such as the coordination of monetary or trade policy. [13] According to Edmund Osmasczyk in the United Nations Encyclopedia and International Agreements, it is also defined as “an international term for an oral and unwritten but fully valid agreement.” [14] This type of agreement may allow a nation to circumvent national legal requirements to enter into a formal contract[13] or it may be useful for a government to want to enter into a secret agreement that does not engage the next government. [15] According to another author, all international agreements are gentlemen`s agreements because, just before the war, they are all unenforceable. [15] Osmaczyk noted that there was a difference between gentlemen`s open agreements and secret diplomatic agreements. [14] In the United States, in 1890, the prohibition of gentlemen`s agreements was introduced in interstate trade relations because the secrecy of these agreements was beyond anyone`s control. [14] The operazioni economiche effecttuate nel mercato interno e, in particolare, que impiegate nei mercati internazionali, richiedono formeridi giuche flessibili e adattabili alle diverse esigenze; se si tratta poi di operazioni destinate a durare nel tempo, esse debbono piegarsi alle mutevoli circostanze che si possono verificare durante il percorso necessario alla realizzazione degli obiettivi stabiliti.

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