7 Colonial Dissatisfaction GrowsTaxes to pay off war debts Colonists boycotted goods Complete the timeline with a partner The war was fought mainly along the borders that separated New France from the British colonies, from Virginia in the south to Nova Scotia in the north. Although most of the conflict had been settled as early as 1760, the war officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, after the French had surrendered to Canada. Under the Treaty of Paris, the area east of the Mississippi River and most of Canada had to be transferred to the British. Although the war was motivated primarily by the ambition to ensure territorial control, its consequences were significant. Not only did the war end French rule in North America, which made Britain the dominant colonial power, but it also determined the fate of the British colonies by sowing the seeds of the American revolution. France and Great Britain both suffered financially because they had spent a lot of money during the war. Britain`s public debt almost doubled to $138 million. In search of ways to settle debts, the British crown tried to impose new taxes on its colonies. On the one hand, the English living in England were already overwhelmed and the riots throughout England did not allow for a new taxation, while the American colonies were rather prosperous. On the other hand, the British believed that the settlers had to pay the debts, because some of the money had been spent defending the settlers against the French. The way to the American Revolution began with the French and Indian War (1756-1763), also known as the seven-year war. The war was fought to determine whether France or Great Britain would rule North America. Although Britain won the war, relations between Parliament and the colonies were strained.

During the war, the colonies had asserted their economic independence through trade with the enemy, blatant disregard for customs laws and circumvention of trade rules. After the war, the British government decided to place the colonies in appropriate subordination and use them as a source of income to pay down war debts.

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